Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Step 2. Build Capacity

Types of Resources

Communities want to assess the various types and levels of resources that it has available to address identified substance abuse problems, especially the following:

Fiscal resources – This refers to the money that communities can bring to prevention efforts, as well as other things that cost money but can often be obtained for free. Fiscal resources include:

  • Grants/donations
  • Computer hardware/software
  • Meeting space, food, photocopying
  • Promotion/advertising

Human resources – This refers to having a sufficient number of people who can assist with prevention in some way. Human resources include:

  • Staff with the right credentials, training, experience and expertise to address all aspects of prevention. Leaders and staff may need to be hired or may require additional training and technical assistance in certain areas.
  • Consultants and/or volunteers who can support or supplement staff expertise. They may need to be recruited to take on some of the tasks involved with developing and implementing a comprehensive prevention plan.
  • Stakeholders, including those who are a part of the population the intervention will focus on.
  • Other partners who can provide additional expertise, necessary services and/or connections to your target population.
  • Local champions who will back your prevention efforts.

Organizational resources – This refers broadly to the structures within an organization that are deeply connected to a community’s substance abuse prevention goals.  Organizational resources include:

  • Vision and mission statements, as well as guidelines for decision making.
  • Clear and consistent organizational patterns and policies.
  • Adequate fiscal resources to implement a prevention program as it’s planned. 
  • Hardware and other technology tools. 

Other resources that are useful but frequently overlooked include:

  • Community efforts to address prevention issues.
  • Community awareness of those efforts.
  • Specialized knowledge about prevention research, theory and practice.
  • Practical experience working with particular populations.
  • Knowledge of the ways local politics and policies help or hinder prevention efforts.


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