Coping with Traumatic Events: Resources for Children, Parents, Educators, and Other Professionals
This document offers an annotated list of online resources designed to help parents, educators, and other caregivers recognize and address the needs of children following natural disasters and other traumatic events.
The resources included in this document are organized according to the following categories:
SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series Installment: Children and Youth Resources Installment http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/dbhis/dbhis_children_intro.asp
This installment focuses on the reactions and mental health needs of children and youth after a disaster and contains resources from both the child trauma and disaster behavioral health fields. The collection includes an annotated bibliography and a section with helpful links to organizations, agencies, and other resources that address disaster preparedness and response issues surrounding children and youth.
Tips for Talking with and Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Disaster or Traumatic Event: A Guide for Parents, Caregivers, and Teachers http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/KEN01-0093R/KEN01-0093R.pdf
This tip sheet helps parents, caregivers, and teachers to recognize and address stress responses in children and youth affected by traumatic events such as automobile accidents and disasters. It describes stress reactions that are commonly seen in young trauma survivors from various age groups and offers tips on how to help as well as resources.
Cultural Awareness: Children and Youth in Disasters Podcast http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/register.asp
The goal of this 60-minute podcast is to assist disaster behavioral health responders in providing culturally aware and appropriate disaster behavioral health services for children, youth, and families impacted by natural and human-caused disasters. Featured speakers include April Naturale, Ph.D., of SAMHSA’s Disaster Technical Assistance Center and Russell T. Jones, Ph.D., of Virginia Tech University.
Supplemental Research Bulletin: Children and Disasters http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/bulletin/SAMHSA_DTAC_Supplemental_Research_Bulletin.htm
This document examines the emotional impact that natural and human-caused disasters have on children and youth. Developed in July 2012, it examines five recently published research and literature review articles; provides a discussion of risk factors linked to children’s responses to disaster, protective factors, and resilience; and concludes with suggestions about policy and practice.
Resources from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Parent Tips for Adolescents
This document is designed to help parents with adolescents help them cope with disaster.
The tips include possible reactions, responses, and examples of things to do and say.
Helping Students Cope with Media Coverage of Disasters: A Fact Sheet for Teachers and School Staff http://www.oumedicine.com/docs/ad-psychiatry-workfiles/school_disaster_media_factsheet_2011.pdf?sfvrsn=2
This fact sheet provides insight into how media coverage of a disaster may affect students and suggests strategies that people working in schools can use to address these effects. The suggested strategies can be used by teachers, school counselors, school social workers, other school staff members, and school administrators.
Coping with Violence and Traumatic Events http://www.samhsa.gov/trauma/index.aspx
This area of the SAMHSA website contains a variety of resources for first responders, schools, adults, and families for coping with violence and traumatic events.
Effects of Traumatic Stress After Mass Violence, Terror, or Disaster http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/stress-mv-t-dhtml.asp
Developed by the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), this publication provides information regarding normal reactions to abnormal situations. It includes descriptions of common traumatic stress reactions, problematic stress responses, and symptoms of PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder.
Mental Health Care for Ethnic Minority Individuals and Communities in the Aftermath of Disasters and Mass Violence This paper reviews research that indicates that ethnic minorities (African American, Asian Americans, Native Americans, and Latinos) may suffer more adverse psychological consequences after disasters and mass violence than do white Americans. Guidelines are provided so that disaster behavioral health services can become more culturally responsive and traditional barriers are reduced. Complete citation: Norris, F. H., & Alegria, M. (2005). Mental health care for ethnic minority individuals and communities in the aftermath of disasters and mass violence. CNS Spectrums, 10(2), 132-140.
Resources to Address Re-traumatization and Chronic Stress
Addressing the Traumatic Impact of Disaster on Individuals, Families, and Communities http://www.nh.gov/safety/divisions/hsem/behavhealth/documents/atc_white_paper.PDF
Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from Trauma after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting, this white paper addresses healing from the trauma induced by a disaster, especially in terms of regaining normalcy and offering and receiving peer support. The paper also focuses on restoring communities with the supports necessary to be sensitive to the recovery from trauma by individuals, children, and families.
Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies http://rems.ed.gov/docs/LL_Vol5Issue3.pdf
This publication from the U.S. Department of Education Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools discusses the re-traumatization of students attending Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) following the 2007 campus shooting of 32 individuals.
Trauma and Re-traumatization http://www.witnessjustice.org/violence/docs/trauma_retraumatization.pdf
Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from Trauma after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting, this resource paper describes the types of trauma and their cumulative and intergeneration effects. It speaks particularly to the continued re-traumatization that results from experiencing a disaster.
A Guide to Managing Stress in Crisis Response Professions http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA05-4113/SMA05-4113.pdf
This manual aids crisis response workers in stress prevention and management before, during, and after a public health crisis. It describes the stress cycle and common stress reactions and offers tips to promote a positive workplace and to monitor and minimize stress.