Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Step 4. Implement

Implementation is where the rubber hits the road—where States, Tribes, Jurisdictions, and communities do what they’ve said they’re going to do. When implementing prevention programs, practices, or strategies, it is important to consider the following:

Action plan development. An action plan is a written document that lays out exactly how you will implement the selected program, policy, or strategy. It describes what you expect to accomplish, the specific steps you will take to get there, and who will be responsible for doing what.

Fidelity and adaptation. Fidelity refers to the degree to which a program is implemented as its original developer intended. Adaptation refers to how much, and in what ways, a program, practice, or strategies is changed to fit local circumstances.

Factors that may influence implementation. These include staff or practitioner selection, pre- and in-service training, ongoing consultation and coaching, staff and program evaluation, facilitative administrative support, and a favorable history implementing prevention programs.

Many grantees have developed materials related to and/or describing their assessment processes. Links to these materials are contained on their respective state, tribe, or jurisdiction pages.

Developed under the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies contract (Reference #HHSS277200800004C).

Related Resources, by Task

Establish processes for identifying EBIs

Support the implementation of selected strategies

Ensure implementation fidelity/set guidelines for adaptation