Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Infusing Cultural Competence into the SPF

Step 1: Assessment of Needs and Capacity

  • Work with the community
  • Use a culturally-competent evaluator
  • Ensure a mechanism for collecting cultural competence-related information/data
  • Gain community approval for data collection methods and analysis
  • Ensure data is culturally-responsive and appropriate
  • Create process for identifying culturally-relevant risk and protective factors and other underlying conditions
  • Formulate culturally-based assumptions of change
    • Identify change from a community perspective
    • Gain community approval of product      

Step 2: Capacity Mobilizing and Building

  • Examine community resources and readiness
  • Provide a safe and supportive environment for all participants
  • Examine breadth and depth of cultural competence
  • Check cultural representation (e.g., language, gender, age)
  • Develop policies (i.e., recruitment and retention, training, communication and community input) to improve cultural competence
  • Ensure that tools and technology are culturally competent
  • Identify and mobilize mutually acceptable goals and objectives

Step 3: Developing Strategic Plan

  • Make sure community is represented in the process
  • When selecting programs and strategies, consider their fit with:
    • Community culture
    • Existing prevention efforts
    • Past history

Step 4: Implementation

  • Involve community in the implementation of strategic plan
  • Create a feedback loop for communicating efforts and successes

Step 5: Evaluation

  • Make sure the community is represented in the evaluation process
  • Ensure that data collection tools reflect community culture
  • Use a culturally-competent evaluator