Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Policy Adoption

Deterrence

This involves setting standards or establishing parameters for appropriate behavior, and they also establish clear penalties or consequences for violating these standards. For example, in October, 2000, Congress adopted a .08 blood-alcohol level as the national standard for drunken driving—a significant change from the 0.10 limit most states had in place at that point. The new standard was established based on research establishing a relationship between lower blood-alcohol levels and reductions in impaired driving incidence, alcohol-related crashes, and traffic deaths.5 In many States, drivers whose blood alcohol levels exceed these legal standards will immediately lose their licenses.

Some examples of policies to deter underage drinking include:

 

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