The resources included in this document are organized according to the following categories:
- Resources from SAMHSA
- Resources from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network
- Additional Resources for Children, Parents, and Educators
- Resources on Trauma
- Resources to Address Re-traumatization and Chronic Stress
- Resources for Disaster Response Professionals
Resources from SAMHSA
- SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series Installment: Children and Youth Resources Installment
This installment focuses on the reactions and mental health needs of children and youth after a disaster and contains resources from both the child trauma and disaster behavioral health fields. The collection includes an annotated bibliography and a section with helpful links to organizations, agencies, and other resources that address disaster preparedness and response issues surrounding children and youth.
- Tips for Talking with and Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Disaster or Traumatic Event: A Guide for Parents, Caregivers, and Teachers
This tip sheet helps parents, caregivers, and teachers to recognize and address stress responses in children and youth affected by traumatic events such as automobile accidents and disasters. It describes stress reactions that are commonly seen in young trauma survivors from various age groups and offers tips on how to help as well as resources.
- Cultural Awareness: Children and Youth in Disasters Podcast
The goal of this 60-minute podcast is to assist disaster behavioral health responders in providing culturally aware and appropriate disaster behavioral health services for children, youth, and families impacted by natural and human-caused disasters. Featured speakers include April Naturale, Ph.D., of SAMHSA’s Disaster Technical Assistance Center and Russell T. Jones, Ph.D., of Virginia Tech University.
- To watch the archived podcast, go to http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/register.asp.
- To read the transcript, go to http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/transcript.pdf
- The read the archived presentation, go to http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/podcasts/cultural-awareness/presentation.pdf.
- Psychosocial Issues for Children and Adolescents in Disasters
This booklet includes resources for people working with children after a disaster. It covers child development theories in relation to how youth respond emotionally to disasters. It also features suggestions, case studies, and a resource guide.
- Supplemental Research Bulletin: Children and Disasters
This document examines the emotional impact that natural and human-caused disasters have on children and youth. Developed in July 2012, it examines five recently published research and literature review articles; provides a discussion of risk factors linked to children’s responses to disaster, protective factors, and resilience; and concludes with suggestions about policy and practice.
Resources from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network
- It's Okay to Remember
This video provides information regarding traumatic grief in children, addresses the three main types of trauma reminders, and illustrates how families can experience the pain of loss and then heal. It is appropriate for parents and others who care for children.
- Parent Tips for Infants and Toddlers
This document is designed to help parents with infants and toddlers understand how their child may be feeling and help their young children cope with disaster.
- [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e4_tips_for_parents_with_infants_and_toddlers.pdf
- [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e3.pdf
- [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e4.pdf
- [Spanish] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e4_bebes.pdf
- Parent Tips for Preschoolers
This document is designed to help parents with preschoolers help their young children cope with disaster.
- [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e5_tips_for_parents_with_preschool_children.pdf
- [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e4.pdf
- [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e5.pdf
- Parent Tips for School-age Children
This document is designed to help parents with school-age children help them cope with disaster.
- [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e6_tips_for_parents_with_schoolage_children.pdf
- [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e5.pdf
- [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/janpanese/appendix_e6.pdf
- Parent Tips for Adolescents
This document is designed to help parents with adolescents help them cope with disaster.
The tips include possible reactions, responses, and examples of things to do and say.
- [English] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/english/appendix_e7_tips_for_parents_with_adolescents.pdf
- [Chinese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/chinese/appendix_e6.pdf
- [Japanese] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e7_adolescentes.pdf
- [Spanish] http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/pfa/spanish/apendice_e7_adolescentes.pdf
- Tips for Parents on Media Coverage
This tip sheet provides information for parents on how to limit a child's exposure to disturbing media images after an earthquake.
Additional Resources for Children, Parents, and Educators
- After a Loved One Dies—How Children Grieve; And How Parents and Other Adults Can Support Them
This 26-page booklet is for parents and other adults to help children who have suffered the loss of a parent or loved one manage their grief.
- Helping Students Cope with Media Coverage of Disasters: A Fact Sheet for Teachers and School Staff
This fact sheet provides insight into how media coverage of a disaster may affect students and suggests strategies that people working in schools can use to address these effects. The suggested strategies can be used by teachers, school counselors, school social workers, other school staff members, and school administrators.
- Helping Your Child Cope with Media Coverage of Disasters: A Fact Sheet for Parents
This fact sheet suggests strategies that parents can use to address the potential effects of disaster media coverage on children.
- Responding to Stressful Events: Helping Children Cope
This packet contains information on helping children cope after a stressful event. It provides information on common reactions and coping techniques.
- Talk, Listen, Connect: When Families Grieve
This collection is designed to help of families cope with the death of a parent or loved one. There are components for military families and nonmilitary families.
- Understanding Child Traumatic Stress
This document discusses the cognitive response to danger as it relates to traumatic experiences or traumatic stress throughout all developmental stages, particularly in children. It provides an overview of posttraumatic stress responses and their severity and duration, as well as posttraumatic stress following chronic or repeated trauma.
Resources on Trauma
- Coping with Violence and Traumatic Events
This area of the SAMHSA website contains a variety of resources for first responders, schools, adults, and families for coping with violence and traumatic events.
- Dealing with the Effects of Trauma: A Self-Help Guide
This SAMHSA guide provides in-depth information on recovering from a traumatic event; it is geared for those whose reactions may be lingering.
- Effects of Traumatic Stress After Mass Violence, Terror, or Disaster
Developed by the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), this publication provides information regarding normal reactions to abnormal situations. It includes descriptions of common traumatic stress reactions, problematic stress responses, and symptoms of PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder.
- In the Wake of Trauma: Tips for College Students
This fact sheet helps college students cope with the mental health effects in the aftermath of trauma. It explains normal reactions, emphasizes the importance of talking about feelings, and offers tips for coping.
- Mass Disasters, Trauma, and Loss
This brochure explains stress reactions individuals may experience after a disaster, what they can do to recover, and when they should seek professional help.
- Mental Health Care for Ethnic Minority Individuals and Communities in the Aftermath of Disasters and Mass Violence This paper reviews research that indicates that ethnic minorities (African American, Asian Americans, Native Americans, and Latinos) may suffer more adverse psychological consequences after disasters and mass violence than do white Americans. Guidelines are provided so that disaster behavioral health services can become more culturally responsive and traditional barriers are reduced. Complete citation: Norris, F. H., & Alegria, M. (2005). Mental health care for ethnic minority individuals and communities in the aftermath of disasters and mass violence. CNS Spectrums, 10(2), 132-140.
Resources to Address Re-traumatization and Chronic Stress
- Addressing the Traumatic Impact of Disaster on Individuals, Families, and Communities
Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from Trauma after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting, this white paper addresses healing from the trauma induced by a disaster, especially in terms of regaining normalcy and offering and receiving peer support. The paper also focuses on restoring communities with the supports necessary to be sensitive to the recovery from trauma by individuals, children, and families.
- Coping with Stress
This page on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website provides information on coping with stress related to a traumatic event.
- Lessons Learned from School Crises and Emergencies
This publication from the U.S. Department of Education Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools discusses the re-traumatization of students attending Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) following the 2007 campus shooting of 32 individuals.
- Tips for Survivors of a Traumatic Event: Managing Your Stress
This tip sheet outlines the common signs of stress after a disaster and provides stress reduction strategies.
- Trauma and Re-traumatization
Presented at the After the Crisis Initiative: Healing from Trauma after Disasters Expert Panel Meeting, this resource paper describes the types of trauma and their cumulative and intergeneration effects. It speaks particularly to the continued re-traumatization that results from experiencing a disaster.
- Tips for Survivors of a Traumatic Event: Managing Your Stress
This tip sheet outlines the common signs of stress following a disaster and provides stress reduction strategies.
Resources for Disaster Response Professionals
- A Guide to Managing Stress in Crisis Response Professions
This manual aids crisis response workers in stress prevention and management before, during, and after a public health crisis. It describes the stress cycle and common stress reactions and offers tips to promote a positive workplace and to monitor and minimize stress.
- Guidelines for Working with First Responders (Firefighters, Police, Emergency Medical Service and Military) in the Aftermath of Disaster
This online tip sheet lists common characteristics of disaster responders, suggests interventions for working with disaster responders, and provides additional resources in working with this population.
- Self-Care for Disaster Behavioral Health Responders Podcast
The goal of this 60-minute podcast, developed by SAMHSA, is to provide information, best practices, and tools that enable disaster behavioral health responders and supervisors to identify and effectively manage stress and secondary traumatic stress through workplace structures and self-care practices. A transcript of the podcast is available at: http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/selfcareDBHResponders/selfcareDBHResponders-transcript.pdf
- Tips for Managing and Preventing Stress: A Guide for Emergency Response and Public Safety Workers
This fact sheet offers organizational and individual tips for stress prevention and management for emergency response workers and public safety workers. It describes normal reactions to a disaster, indicators that stress management may be necessary, and strategies for handling stress.