Clear Organizational Structure
- To be effective, coalitions require:
- a strong and stable organizational structure that clarifies roles and procedures, and adequately addresses task and maintenance function.
- a formalized set of structures and practices, such as written roles and procedures (e.g., bylaws).
- management strategies, such as effective communication, conflict resolution, perception of fairness, and shared decision-making.
- Organizational effectiveness is related to positive work climate, higher member satisfaction, better communication among committee members, stronger linkages with community organizations, and less conflict.
- Effective leadership, opportunities for leadership development, and staff support are frequently identified as the most essential elements of an effective coalition.
- Effective leaders are open, task-oriented, and supportive of the group.
Membership Capacity to do the Work
- Key coalition members must have a clear understanding of the coalition development process and a basic knowledge of prevention planning and concepts.
- The community must have an appropriate level of readiness to ensure ownership and commitment to act on substance abuse issues.
- Adequate time and staff support are necessary for effective coalition development, planning, and activities.
- Coalitions require a common vision, high quality communication, strong relationships both internally and externally, targeted outcomes, and human and financial resources to be effective.
To be sustained over time, coalitions must:
- Develop and employ a process for leader succession and recruitment of new members.
- Provide recognition and renewal to coalition members to increase energy and reduce burnout.
- Continuously integrate the coalition’s goals and strategies into the missions of their own organizations.
- Develop diversified funding streams to ensure balance and commitment to coalition activities and actions.
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Developed under the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies contract. Reference #HHSS277200800004C. For training and/or technical assistance purposes only.